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Blender is a free and open-source 3D computer graphics software tool set used for creating animated filmsvisual effectsart, 3D-printed models, motion graphicsinteractive 3D applications, virtual realityand, formerly, video games. Blender’s features include 3D modellingUV mappingtexturingdigital drawingraster graphics editingrigging and skinningfluid and smoke simulationparticle simulation, soft body simulation, sculptinganimationmatch movingrenderingmotion graphics, video editingand compositing.

The Dutch animation studio NeoGeo not related to Neo Geo video game hardware started to develop Autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free as an in-house application, and based on the timestamps for the first source filesJanuary 2, is considered to be Blender’s birthday.

The name Blender was inspired by a song by the Swiss electronic band Yellofrom the album Babywhich NeoGeo used in its showreel. This also resulted in the discontinuation of Blender’s development.

In MayRoosendaal started the non-profit Blender Foundationwith the first goal to find a way to continue developing and promoting Blender as a community-based open-source project.

On July 18,Roosendaal started the “Free Blender” campaign, a crowdfunding precursor. Today, Ссылка на продолжение autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free free and open-source softwarelargely developed by its community as well as 24 autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free employed by the Blender Institute. The Blender Foundation initially reserved the right to use dual licensing so that, in addition to GPL 2. However, this option was never exercised and was suspended indefinitely in Inwith the release of version 2.

In Februaryit was clear that the company behind Blender, NaN, could not survive and would close its doors in March. Autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free, they put out one more release, Blender 2. As a sort of Easter egg and last personal tag, the artists and developers decided to add a 3D model of a autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free head called a ” monkey ” in the software.

Suzanne is Blender’s alternative to more common test models such as the Utah Teapot and the Stanford Bunny. A low-polygon model with only faces, Suzanne is included in Blender and often used as a quick and easy way to test materials, animations, rigs, textures, and lighting setups.

It is as easily added to a scene as primitives such as a cube or plane. The largest Blender contest gives out an award called the Suzanne Award. The following table lists notable developments during Blender’s release history: green indicates the current version, yellow indicates currently supported autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free, and red indicates versions that are no longer supported though many later versions can still be used on modern systems.

Blender is available for Windows 8. Blender 2. There is also an advanced polygonal modelling system which can be accessed through an edit mode. It supports features such as extrusion, bevellingand subdividing. Modifiers apply non-destructive effects which can be applied upon rendering or exporting, such as subdivision surfaces. Blender has multi-resolution digital sculptingwhich includes dynamic topology, “baking”, remeshing, re-symmetrization, and decimation.

The latter is used to simplify models for exporting purposes an example being game assets. Blender has a geometry node system for procedurally and non-destructively creating and manipulating geometry. It was first added to Blender 2. Attributes can include positionsnormals and UV maps. Blender can be used to simulate smoke, rain, dust, cloth, fluids, hair, and rigid bodies. The fluid simulator can be used for simulating liquids, like water being poured into a cup.

The particle physics fluid simulation creates particles that follow the smoothed-particle hydrodynamics method. Blender has simulation tools for soft-body dynamicsincluding mesh collision detectionLBM fluid dynamicssmoke autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free, Bullet rigid-body dynamics, an ocean generator with waves, a particle system that includes support for particle-based hair, and real-time control during physics simulation and rendering.

In Blender 2. Vortices and more stable calculations are improved from the FLIP system. Cloth simulation is autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free by simulating vertices with a rigid body simulation. If done on a 3D mesh, it will produce similar effects autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free the soft body simulation. Blender’s autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free animation capabilities include inverse kinematicsarmatureshooks, curve- and lattice-based deformationsshape keysnon-linear animation, constraints, and vertex weighting.

In addition, its Grease Pencil tools allow for 2D animation within a full 3D pipeline. Internal render engine with scanline renderingindirect lighting, and ambient occlusion that can export in a wide variety of formats; A path tracer render engine autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free Cycles, which can take advantage of the GPU for rendering.

Cycles supports the Open Shading Language since Blender 2. Cycles Продолжить чтение Rendering is possible in Version Tiles are calculated with GPU in combination with cpu. EEVEE is a new physically based real-time renderer. It works both as a renderer for final frames, and as the engine driving Blender’s real-time viewport for creating assets.

Blender allows procedural and node-based textures, as well as texture paintingprojective painting, vertex paintingweight painting and dynamic painting. Blender has a node-based compositor within the rendering pipeline, which is accelerated with OpenCL. It also includes a non-linear video editor called the Video Sequence Editor VSEwith support for effects like Gaussian blurcolor gradingfade and wipe transitions, and other video transformations.

However, there is no built-in multi-core support for rendering video with the VSE. Blender features an internal file system that can pack multiple scenes into a single “.

An object in Blender consists of multiple data blocks — for example, what the user would describe as a polygon mesh consists of at least an Object and a Mesh data block, and usually also a Material and many more, linked together. This allows various смотрите подробнее blocks to refer to each other.

There may be, for example, multiple Objects that refer to the same Mesh, and making subsequent editing of the shared mesh results in shape changes in all Objects using this Mesh.

Objects, meshes, materials, textures, etc. The Blender Game Engine was a built-in real-time graphics and logic engine with features such as collision detectiona dynamics engine, and programmable logic. It also allowed the creation of stand-alone, real-time applications ranging from architectural visualization to video games. In Aprilthe engine was removed from the upcoming Blender 2.

Blender Internal, a biased rasterization engine and scanline renderer used in previous versions of Blender, was also removed for the 2. Most of the commands are accessible via hotkeys. There are also comprehensive graphical menus. Numeric buttons can be “dragged” to change their value directly without the need to aim at a particular widget, as well as being set using the keyboard. Both sliders and number buttons can be constrained to various step sizes with modifiers like the Ctrl and Shift keys.

Python expressions can also be typed directly into number entry fields, allowing mathematical expressions to specify values.

Blender includes many modes for interacting with objects, the two primary ones being Object Mode and Edit Modewhich are toggled with the Tab key. Object mode is used to manipulate individual objects as a unit, while Edit mode is used to manipulate the actual object data.

For example, an Object Mode can be used to move, scale, and rotate entire polygon meshesand Edit Mode can be used to manipulate the individual vertices of a single mesh. The Blender GUI builds its tiled windowing system on top of one or multiple windows provided by the underlying platform. One platform window often sized to fill the screen is divided into sections and subsections that can be of any type of Blender’s views or window types.

The user can define multiple layouts of such Blender windows, called screens, and switch quickly between them by selecting from a menu or with keyboard shortcuts. Each window type’s own GUI elements can be controlled with the same tools that manipulate the 3D view.

For example, one can zoom in and out of GUI-buttons using similar controls, one zooms in and out in the 3D viewport. The GUI viewport and screen layout are fully user-customizable. It is possible to set up the interface for specific tasks such as video editing or UV mapping or texturing by hiding features not used for the task. Cycles is a path-tracing render engine that is designed to be interactive and easy to use, while still supporting many features.

Cycles supports GPU rendering, which is used to speed up rendering times. The toolkit software associated with these rendering modes does not come within Blender and needs to be separately installed and configured as per their respective source instructions. Multiple GPUs are also supported, which can be used to create a render farm —having multiple GPUs, however, does not increase the available memory since посмотреть еще GPU can autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free access its own memory.

Apple’s Metal API got initial implementation in blender 3. A Benchmark of Blender 3. The integrator is the core rendering algorithm used for lighting computations. Cycles currently supports a path tracing integrator with direct light sampling. It works well for a variety of lighting setups, but it is not as suitable for caustics and certain other complex lighting situations.

Rays are traced from the camera into the scene, bouncing around until they find a light source a lamp, an object material emitting light, or the world backgroundor until they are simply terminated based on the number of maximum bounces determined in the light path settings autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free the renderer. To find lamps and surfaces emitting light, both indirect light sampling letting the ray follow the surface bidirectional scattering distribution function, or BSDF and direct light sampling picking a light source and tracing a ray towards it are used.

They consist of three shaders to define the mesh’s surface appearance, volume inside, and surface displacement. The surface shader defines the light interaction at the surface of the mesh. One or more bidirectional scattering distribution functions, or BSDFs autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free, can specify if incoming light is reflectedrefracted into the mesh, or absorbed.

When the surface shader autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free not reflect or absorb light, it enters the volume light transmission. If no volume shader is specified, it will pass straight through or be refracted, see refractive index or IOR to another side of the mesh. If one is defined, a volume shader autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free the light interaction as it passes through the autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free of the mesh.

Light may be scatteredabsorbed, or even emitted [ clarification needed ] at any point in the volume. The shape of the surface may be altered by displacement shaders. In this way, textures can be used to make the mesh surface more detailed. Depending on the settings, the displacement may be virtual-only modifying the surface normals to give the impression of displacement also known as bump mapping — real, or a combination of real displacement with bump mapping.

Using the default 3D viewport drawing system for modeling, texturing, etc. Free and open-source : []. Since the opening of the source code, Blender has experienced significant refactoring of the initial codebase and major additions to its feature set. Improvements include an animation system refresh; [] a stack-based modifier system; [] an updated particle system [] which can also be used to simulate hair and fur ; fluid dynamics; soft-body dynamics; GLSL shaders support [] in the game engine; advanced UV unwrapping; [] a fully recoded render pipeline, allowing separate render passes and “render to texture”; node-based material editing and compositing; and projection painting.

Part of these developments autodesk maya 2013 keygen free free fostered by Google ‘s Summer of Code program, in which the Blender Foundation has participated since


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